Castle in Pszczyna, which probably dates back to the eleventh century, is now a Baroque residence, whose shape is the result of several reconstructions made in the following centuries. It is one of the most valuable monuments of this kind in Poland, which is additionally reinforced by the fact that its original furnishings have been preserved to this day. For years, after the war, the castle has been a museum with some interesting collections – including, amongothers, militaria and miniatures.
Pszczyna is an old town founded as a
settlement next to the Piast stronghold. The
medieval origins are reflected in the layout of
the town center characteristic for the
contemporary ways of building towns. The
heart of the town is the market square
surrounded with the neo -Baroque town hall,
the Evangelical church and houses of the
eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, which is
regarded the most beautiful in Silesia. The
gridiron plan is enclosed by defense walls.
The regularity is only disturbed by the palace
and park complex adjacent to the town.
The church of All Saints is the oldest shrine in
Pszczyna. It was mentioned for the first time
in the first half of the fourteenth century. It
served solely for the residents of Pszczyna.
The residents of the surrounding villages
attended the church of Saint Hedwig. The
current late Baroque edifice of the church
results from the reconstruction carried out in
the eighteenth century. Inside, the most
valuable monument is the miraculous image
of Our Lady of Pszczyna.
Pszczyna belongs to the most beautiful towns in
Silesia. In addition to the spectacular palace and
its magnificent market square, there are
extensive parks within the town. The castle park
is directly adjacent to the palace. It was
established as an English-style landscape park in
the nineteenth century. Green spaces are dotted
with lakes and canals. Old trees provide shade,
and rhododendrons intoxicate with their scent.
The park is scattered with numerous monuments
of landscape architecture.
"Paleya" (from the French word
“palais”meaning “palace”), as it is called in
Pszczyna, is a historic building of the former
Duke's Estates Directorate-General. The
building was erected in the northern neoGothic style, at the beginning of the last
century. During the First World War, the
headquarters of the supreme command of
the German imperial army was set up in the
building. German Emperor Wilhelm II
accompanied by, among others, Marshal
Paul von Hindenburg and General Erich von
Ludendorff often visited the headquarters.