Category: Cultural Heritage

Power Plant "Szombierki" in Bytom

The Combined Heat and Power Plant Szombierki has been an inherent component of the landscape of Bytom since it was opened on 29 November 1920. The investor and the first owner of the power plant was the German company Schaffgotsh Bergwerksgesellschaft GmbH, belonging to the Upper Silesian family line of the Schaffgotschs. The rated power of 100 MW put Szombierki among the greatest power plants in the country and in Europe.
During a visit to the plant you can become acquainted with the heat and electric energy generation process in the combined heat and power plant, whose operation is based on the hard coal combustion. It is also an interesting and inspiring space for the fans of industrial tours as well as artists and participants of artistic and sports events.

Route chronicle

The building was constructed in the modernist style according to the design of architects Emil and George Zillman, the authors of the designs of Giszowiec and Nikiszowiec settlements in Katowice. The construction of the CHP Plant Szombierki was commenced after the end of the World War I. According to a legend, originally, it was supposed to be an explosives factory; however, eventually the building was redesigned in order to serve as a power plant. The plant was opened on 29 November 1920. A four-sided Siemens & Halske clock was mounted on the power plant tower in 1925. It was coupled with 54 clocks operating in the plant. In the years 1939-1944 Szombierki Power Plant had the maximum output of 100 MW. 900 people worked there at that time. It could be considered then to be one of the largest power plants in Europe.

street Kosynierów 30
41-907 Bytom
Upper Silesian Agglomeration, Silesia
in the city/town
Contact data
: "Obiekt w zagrożeniu" - w ofercie występują istotne braki. Przygotowywany jest program naprawczy.
General Information
: technology monuments, postindustrial
Prices & amenities
: The site is unavailable for tourists.
: photos allowed
: car park
: limited

The site is unavailable for tourists.

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Sound files
Elektrociepłownia Szombierki

We can now take a train ride from Bytom to Miasteczko Śląskie in small coaches of the Upper Silesian Narrow Gauge Railways. We get on the train at the railway station of Bytom Karb Wąskotorowy and get off near the reservoir of Nakło–Chechło. Few people know that it is the oldest operating narrow-gauge railway line in the world. The first stretches of the line were launched as early as in 1853. In the following decades, in Upper Silesia, a network of lines connection was constructed, which in its heyday was nearly 250 km long.
The building of the old power station of the steel plant “Bobrek” at Konstytucji Street is the only remnant of the ironworks operating here for nearly a half century. The building once housed some industrial gas plant blast equipment. The brick buildings of the power station were erected in two stages at the beginning of the last century. They refer to the style of Romanesque architecture.
In Bobrek, the district of Bytom bordering Zabrze, there is the largest city's historical workers’ housing estate - the so-called “Nowa Kolonia Robotnicza” (“New Workers’ Colony”), which was established in the early decades of the last century for the families workers of the iron factory "Julia" (later named "Zygmunt") and of the coal mine "Graefin Johanna "(later named Bobrek "). Most of the more than a hundred multifamily homes were built in the style of Historicism with some elements of Secession.
The Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus in Szombierki was built in the first decade of the twentieth century. The investment was financially supported by the Schaffgotschs, local owners of land and many industrial plants in Silesia. The Church is the final resting place of Karol Godula, a legendary industrialist associated with Szombierkami. The tombstone with a Latin inscription can be found in front of the main altar.
The Franciszek Kachl Park is one of the oldest parks in Upper Silesia. It covers the area of 43 hectares. The origins of the park are associated with Hubert von TieleWinckler, who in 1840 offered a vast area of the manor forest to the inhabitants of Bytom. The unfenced, easily accessible park has luckily survived to the present day and serves both families with children, lovers, dog owners, chess players, tennis players, and anglers.
The church of the Holy Family in Bytom Bobrek was built between 1900 and 1905, and a year later, an independent parish was established next to it. The church was erected on land donated by Earl Schaffgotsch. It was designed by Ludwik Schneider from Opole. The church is made t of brick in the neo-Romanesque style. Inside, it is worthwhile to see an original, neo-Romanesque interior, including the high altar and stained glass windows.
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