Category: Cultural Heritage

The Mine Shaft "Krystyna" in Bytom

The winding tower of the mine shaft "Krystyna" in the coal mine "Szombierki" in Bytom is one of the most original constructions of this type in Silesia. It was built in 1928, replacing the original tower named "Kaiser Wilhelm" of the then mine "Hohenzollern". They introduced here a pioneering solution of mounting an electrical winding engine on top of the tower. . Its shape is often compared to the characteristic mining hammer. The winding tower is 57 m tall.

street Zabrzańska 21D
41-907 Bytom
Upper Silesian Agglomeration, Silesia
in the city/town
Contact data
: 32 2803924
: 32 2862075
General Information
: postindustrial
: whole year

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Saint Margaret’s Hill in Bytom, popularly called Małgorzata, which in Polish is a diminutive for Margaret, rises to the south of the today’s city centre. A Piast stronghold, protected by the backwater of the small river Bytomka, was built on the top of the hill. In 1160s, Duke Bolesław IV the Curly of Kraków had funded a church here. The foundation of the chuch was presented on the so called Jaksa Tympanum, which once adorned the church of Saint Michael in Wrocław. Nowadays, on the hill, there is a neo-Gothic church surrounded by a graveyard.
Dworcowa Street in Bytom links two squares – the Kościuszko and Michał Wolski Squares. After bringing the standard gauge railway to the city at the end of the 60s of the nineteenth century, the street became the main thoroughfare leading from the train station to the center of Bytom. The street took on the elegant appearance in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, when town houses and hotels were built here. Most of them were given an impressive Art Nouveau and Eclectic look.
In the city centre of Bytom, at Moniuszko Street, there are two important institutions associated with music: The Silesian Opera and Frederic Chopin School of Music. The buildings of the both institutions are architectural monuments. The school is housed in a nineteenth-century neo-Gothic edifice. It was designed by Paul Jackisch, a Bytom architect, whose whole life was bound to the city
Bytom is fortunate to have one of the largest complexes of historic Secession architecture. A Striking example of this style is the building of the Bolesław Chrobry Fourth Secondary School situated at the Władysław Sikorski Square. The building was erected by Carl Brugger, a Bytom building counselor in the early twentieth century. It distinguishes itself by an avant-corps decorated with the coat of arms of Bytom and a small clock tower crowned with a dome.
A Golf course in Bytom is a wonderful place. Intensive green, beautiful ponds and scenic hills will amaze you. That's a perfect conditions for the golf course, but also the stunning space for the restaurant and for a modern residential project. Here you can spend a nice time with your friends and family. This green enclave was established in the area, where for over 100 years the "Szombierki" coal mine had been operating. It is the largest postindustrial revitalization project in Poland.
Jews played an important role in the economy and culture of Bytom from the eighteenth to the mid-twentieth century, but the earliest mention of their presence in the city comes from the first half of the fourteenth century. In the middle of the eighteenth century, they got some land from Count Henckel von Donnersmarck, owner of the State Country of Bytom, and they were granted the right to establish a cemetery on the city embankments. At the end of the nineteenth century, the graveyard was already too small for the Jewish community, and in 1860, a new cemetery was established at Piekarska Street. At the end of the nineteenth century, the last burial took place took place in the old cemetery. In 1960s, the cemetery was destroyed, and the gravestones were removed.
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